By Tara MacDonald
By Tara MacDonald
By Chloë Houston
By Linda Dowling
In April 1895, Oscar Wilde stood within the prisoner's dock of the outdated Bailey, charged with "acts of gross indecency with one other male individual. those filthy practices, the prosecutor declared, posed a dangerous possibility to English society, "a sore which can't fail in time to deprave and taint it all." Wilde answered with a speech of mythical eloquence, protecting love among males as a love "such as Plato made the very foundation of his philosophy, and like you locate within the sonnets of Michelangelo and Shakespeare." Electrified, the spectators within the court docket burst into applause.
Although Wilde used to be finally imprisoned, the court docket reaction to his speech signaled a progressive moment-the emergence into the general public sphere of a type of love that had continuously been proscribed in English tradition. during this luminous paintings of highbrow background, Linda Dowling bargains the 1st targeted account of Oxford Hellenism, the Victorian philosophical and literary circulation that made attainable Wilde's short triumph and expected the fashionable risk of homosexuality as a favorable social identity.
A homosocial tradition and a language of ethical legitimacy for homosexuality emerged, Dowling argues, as unexpected effects of Oxford college reform. via their seek in Plato and Greek literature for a transcendental worth that may alternative for a misplaced Christian theology, such liberal reformers as Benjamin Jowett by accident created a cultural context within which male love-the "spiritual procreancy" celebrated in Plato's Symposium-might be either skilled and justified in excellent phrases. Dowling strains the institutional profession of Hellenism from its roots in Oxford reform via its blossoming in an method of Greek reports that got here to function as a code for homosexuality. Recreating the incidents, controversies, and scandals that heralded the expansion of Hellenism, Dowling offers a brand new cultural and theoretical context during which to learn writers as different as Wilde, Jowett, John Addington Symonds, Walter Pater, Lord Alfred Douglas, Robert Buchanan, and W. H. Mallock.
By Sarah Wootton
Byronic Heroes in Nineteenth-Century Women's Writing and monitor version charts a brand new bankruptcy within the altering fortunes of a special cultural phenomenon. This ebook examines the afterlives of the Byronic hero throughout the paintings of nineteenth-century ladies writers and reveal diversifications in their fiction. it's a well timed reassessment of Byron's enduring legacy through the 19th century and past, concentrating on the charged and risky literary dialogues among Jane Austen, Elizabeth Gaskell, George Eliot and a Romantic icon whose presence takes centre level in contemporary reveal diversifications in their so much celebrated novels. The huge interdisciplinary lens hired during this ebook concentrates at the conflicted rewritings of Byron's poetry, his 'heroic' protagonists, and the cult of Byronism in nineteenth-century novels from delight and Prejudice to Middlemarch, and extends outwards to the reappearance of Byronic heroes on movie and in tv sequence over the past twenty years.
By Elizabeth A. Bridgham
This research examines the original cultural area of Victorian cathedral cities as they seem within the literary paintings of Charles Dickens and Anthony Trollope, arguing that Dickens and Trollope use the cathedral town’s enclosure, and its overt connections among sacred and secular, current and earlier, as an amazing locus from which to critique Victorian spiritual attitudes, aesthetic anxieties, company practices, or even immigration. via displacing those matters from the city, those social authors defamiliarize them, elevating what could have been thought of strictly city difficulties to the extent of nationwide crises.
By situating modern debates in cathedral cities, Dickens and Trollope complicate the restrictive dichotomy among city and rural house usually drawn by way of modern critics and Victorian fiction writers alike.
In this publication, Bridgham makes a speciality of the looks of 3 such key matters showing within the cathedral cities of every author: spiritual fragmentation, the social worth of creative exertions, and the Gothic revival. Dickens and Trollope reject Romantic nostalgia by way of focusing on the traditional, but very important (as against ruined) edifices of the cathedrals, and by means of demonstrating ways that glossy sensibilities, politics, and comforts supersede the values of the cloister. during this experience, their cathedral cities usually are not idealized escapes; really, they mirror the societies of which they're a part.
By Lynn Enterline
By Laura White
Though well known opinion might have us see Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the having a look Glass and What Alice discovered There as whimsical, nonsensical, and carefully relaxing tales informed more often than not for kids; modern learn has proven us there's a tremendously better intensity to the tales than may been visible at the start look. construction at the now well known proposal among Alice fanatics, that the Alice books - at center - were meant for adults in addition to youngsters, Laura White takes present learn in a brand new, interesting course. in the course of the Victorian period of the book’s unique book, rules approximately nature and our relation to nature have been altering tremendously. The Alice Books and the Contested floor of the wildlife argues that Lewis Carroll used the book’s appeal, wit, and infrequently complicated conclusions to counter the rising developments of the time which favorite Darwinism and theories of evolution and challenged the then-conventional contemplating the connection among mankind and nature. even though a scientist and ardent scholar of nature himself, Carroll used his famously playful language, incredible worlds and superb, frequently most unlikely characters to help extra the conventional, Christian ideology of the time within which mankind holds absolute sovereignty over animals and nature.
By Maria Teresa Micaela, Dr Prendergast
Railing, Reviling, and Invective in English Literary tradition, 1588–1617 is the 1st e-book to contemplate railing performs and pamphlets as engaging in a coherent literary circulation that ruled a lot of the English literary panorama through the past due Elizabethan/early Jacobean period.
Author Prendergast considers how those crisis-ridden texts on spiritual, gender, and aesthetic controversies have been inspired and supported by way of the emergence of the pro theater and print pamphlets. She argues that railing texts via Shakespeare, Nashe, Jonson, Jane Anger and others grew to become websites for articulating fearful emotions–including fears in regards to the balance of britain after the loss of life of Queen Elizabeth and the expanding factional splits among Protestant teams. yet, on condition that railings approximately non secular and political concerns usually ended in censorship or maybe demise, so much railing writers selected to avoid such attainable repercussions by means of railing opposed to unconventional gender identification, perverse sexual proclivities, and debatable aesthetics. within the procedure, Prendergast argues, railers formed an anti-aesthetics that used to be itself depending on the very expressions of perverse gender and sexuality that they discursively condemned, an aesthetics that created a conceptual 3rd area during which sour enemies–male or girl, conformist or nonconformist–could bond through carrying out collaborative experiments with dialogical invective.
By contemplating a literary mode of articulation that vehemently counters dominant literary discourse, this publication alterations the way in which that we glance at overdue Elizabethan and early Jacobean literature, because it affiliates works which have been studied in isolation from one another with a bigger, coherent literary movement.
By Thomas Williams
By C. Parkes